Aged Care & Rehabilitation Services

Glossary

Terminology

Aged Care Assessment Team (ACAT)
An ACAT is made up of health professionals who carry out assessments of older people to help them access the types of services appropriate to their care needs. Older people may be assessed for eligibility by an ACAT in order to access Government funded aged care services.
Care Plan
A Care Plan is a plan developed by you and the people providing your care (and a friend or family member if you wish) which outlines your care needs and will provide instructions as to how your care needs will be met.
Community care
Community care is the provision of care and support for people who want to stay independent and living at home for as long as possible. This includes services such as Home and Community Care (HACC) services, Community Aged Care Packages (CACP) and respite care.
Community health nursing
Community health nursing services are for frail older people who require nursing care in their home from an enrolled nurse or registered nurse to improve or maintain their health and well-being.
Community Aged Care Packages (CACP)
Funded by the Australian Government, CACPs are individually planned and coordinated packages of care to help older people with low-level care (hostel level) neeed to remain living in their own homes.
ComPacks
ComPacks (or Community Packages) provide people with short term home care and/or nursing support after discharge from hospital. The Discharge Planner, Social Worker or other hospital worker organises for people to receive ComPacks. They are currently coordinated by the Department of Health and provided through the local Community Options Program (COPS) provider.
Community Options (COPS)
Community Options is a service which combines case management with the delivery of direct services. It has been designed specifically to assist people who are unable to manage the planning and administration of their care independently. 
Day Centre
Day centres provide structured group activities designed to develop, maintain or support the capacity for independent living and social interaction. Activities are undertaken in a centre-based environment. The day centre may also organise and conduct outings and day trips away from the centre. Transport and meals are provided.
End-of-life care
End-of-life care or palliative care is care provided for people of all ages who have a life limiting illness, with little or no prospect of cure, and the primary aim is to achieve the best possible quality of life for the person and their family. Palliative care uses a holistic approach – managing pain and other symptoms, whilst also addressing the physical, emotional, cultural, social and spiritual needs of the person, their family and their carers. It focuses on living well until death.
Extended Aged Care at Home
Extended Aged Care at Home (EACH) packages are individually planned and coordinated packages of care, tailored to help frail older Australians with high-level care needs to remain at home. They are funded by the Australian Government to provide for the complex care needs of older people. Specific packages, known as EACH – D are also available for people with a diagnosis of dementia.
Geriatrician
A geriatrician is a medical doctor who specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders that occur in old age, and with the care of the aged.    
Guardian                           
A guardian is a legally appointed substitute decision maker who, subject to the powers granted, may be able to make lifestyle decisions (such as where a person should live) as well as to consent to medical and dental services and health care generally. A family member or friend can be appointed as a guardian. In some circumstances, where it is not appropriate to appoint a private guardian, the Board or Tribunal has the option of appointing the Public Guardian, who is usually a statutory official.
High-level care
High-level care is the care which is provided for people who have been assessed by an Aged Care Assessment Team as needing almost complete assistance with daily living activities. It includes the need for accommodation services such as meals, laundry and room cleaning, as well as personal care. Medical needs are managed by nursing staff. High-level care was previously known as ‘nursing home' care.
Home and Community Care program
Home and Community Care (HACC) provides a comprehensive, coordinated and integrated range of basic maintenance and support services to help people maintain their independence at home and in the community. 
Hostel
“Hostel” is the previous (though still commonly used) term for a low level residential aged care facility.
Low-level care
Previously known as 'hostel care', this is provided for people assessed by the Aged Care Assessment Team as requiring assistance with multiple activities of daily living such as accommodation, meals, laundry and room cleaning as well as help with personal care and possibly nursing care.
Nursing home
“Nursing home” is the previous (though still commonly used) name for a high-level residential aged care facility.
Occupational therapy
Occupational therapy is a health profession which helps individuals gain, or regain, skills which are essential for that person's happy, safe and meaningful existence. Occupational therapists are skilled in functional assessment and rehabilitation, promoting independence in tasks at home, work and in the community.
Physiotherapy
Physiotherapy is a health profession which helps individuals maintain or improve their physical function and movement, through a range of techniques including manual therapy, therapeutic exercise and the use of electrophysical instruments.
Psychogeriatrician
A psychogeriatrician is a psychiatrist who specialises in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental disorders occurring in the aged.
Rehabilitation
Rehabilitation helps a person who is recovering from illness or injury to regain as much of their previous ability as possible, so as to become or remain as independent as is possible.
Respite Care
Respite care is designed to give carers a break from their caring role and can be arranged for planned breaks, regular weekly breaks, short holidays or emergencies. Services are available within the person's home, in a Day Centre or in a residential care facility.
Speech therapy
Speech therapy is the profession that provides information and assistance to people with speaking disorders, stroke related problems, hearing related disorders and swallowing problems.
Supported discharge
Supported discharge provides short-term care that seeks to optimise the functioning and independence of someone after a hospital stay. Whilst technically available for people of all ages, older people are the primary users of supported discharge packages (either ComPacks or the Transitional Aged Care Program). 
Telephone typewriter
Telephone Typewriters (TTY) allow people with a hearing impairment to use the telephone.
 
SLHD                    sydney Local Health District
ACAT                     Aged Care Assessment Team
CACP                    Community Aged Care Package
CALD                    Culturally and Linguistically Diverse
CERA                    Centre for Education and Research on Ageing
Compacks            Community Packages
CVS                       Community Visitors Scheme
DAS                       Dementia Advisory Service
EACH                     Extended Aged Care at Home
ELP                        Equipment Lending Pool
GP                          General Practitioner
HACC                     Home and Community Care
NDSS                     National Diabetes Service Scheme
PBS                        Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme
RIS                          Residential Information Service
SMHSOP                Specialist Mental Health Service for Older People
TACP                      Transitional Aged Care Program
TARS                      The Aged care Rights Service
TIS                          Translating Interpreting Service
TTY                         Telephone Typewriter