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Gynaecological Cancers

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Cervical Cancer

The cervical canal is a small opening in the cervix which leads into the uterus (womb). Cervical cancer may be microinvasive or invasive.

Ovarian Cancer

This is a malignant tumour in one or both ovaries. The most common type is serous papillary, but other types include endometroid, clear cell and mucinous carcinoma.

Uterine Cancer

Cancer of the uterus (womb)

This is the most common gynaecological cancer affecting women in Australia. Most cancers of the uterus are cancers of the lining of the uterus (the endometrium). Cancers can also develop in the muscle layers of the uterus.

Vaginal Cancer

This is cancer that begins in tissue in the vagina. This is a known as a primary vaginal cancer as the cancer first starts in the vagina. Some cancers begin in another part of the body (cervix, uterus, bladder or bowel) and spread to the vagina. These are known as secondary vaginal cancers. The most common type of vaginal cancer is squamous cell carcinoma, which starts in the thin, flat cells lining the vagina. Another type of vaginal cancer is adenocarcinoma, a cancer that begins in glandular cells in the lining of the vagina.

Vulval Cancer

This cancer begins in cells in the vulva (the external female genital organs, including the clitoris, vaginal lips and the opening to the vagina).